# Math Homework 101: Counting On

Counting on is an essential skill that your kids will start working on in kindergarten (or even earlier)! It’s not a difficult skill, but it is a crucial skill that sets the stage for addition and subtraction. What is it? It’s the act of counting forward starting at a number other than 1.
This skill is listed in the Common Core Standards for kindergarten. K.CC.A.2 says “Count forward beginning from a given number with the known sequence (instead of having to begin with 1).” So yes, it’s important and yes, your kindergartner will be working on it this year.
How can you practice? It’s so simple to practice the concept of counting on at home. You don’t need special worksheets, tools, or even a formal learning time. Practice on a walk or when you’re driving the kids home for school. All is takes is a question:
Can you start at 3 and count to 10? It’s that simple. If they’re still learning the concept, count with them. Pretty soon, with practice, they’ll be able to do it on their own. Have them start at 5 or 6 or 7.
Have they mastered the smaller numbers? Start at 22 and count to 30. Or start at 46 and count to 52. You get the idea.

How does this relate to addition and subtraction? Check out the picture above. The question is “what is 3 + 2?” To find the answer, you can start at three and count two more to get the answer, five. Counting on can help your child solve simple addition problems. And subtraction? Take the problem 7 – 5. Start counting at five and go up to seven. How many times did you count? Yep, two. See how that works.
Hold on, hold on! If my kid has to count every time he has to add, he’ll never make it in the later grades. This is no good! (You may not be thinking this, but I guarantee you that some people are.)
Just remember that the kids using counting on just learned to count not too long ago. This is an extension of counting and a link in the chain. Each link your child can master will lead to a strong chain of math skills. It’s an introduction to the skills used in addition and subtraction. Chances are, you learned this too, you just didn’t know the formal term. It’s simple. It’s basic. But, it’s powerful.
I’ve worked with kids who were falling behind in math in later grades and noticed that some of the kids who were struggling with addition and subtraction had never mastered counting on. We had to backtrack and work on that skill. Once they were more confident with counting on, their addition and subtraction skills improved. It really does help.
Stay tuned for some fun counting on activities coming up in the next week!